An imbalance in the normal healthy bacteria in the digestive system has been found in some people with IBS-D. The bacteria and microorganisms in your digestive system, collectively called the microbiota, help you digest and absorb food and are constantly working to keep your body functioning normally.
Other factors could include improper signaling between the brain and the digestive system, inflammation or severe infection in the intestines, too strong or weak intestinal muscle contractions, family history and genetics, and in some cases anxiety and/or depression.
*IBS-D = irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea.
IBS-D symptoms can happen on a regular basis and vary widely from one person to the next. Symptoms always include abdominal pain and diarrhea.
Healthcare providers can now diagnose IBS-D based on your symptom history, which means medical tests aren't typically needed. Your healthcare provider may ask:
Everyday life and commitments can be a challenge if you are suffering from IBS-D. The unpredictability of symptoms may cause you to limit your social life, stay home from work or school, avoid traveling long distances, avoid favorite foods or drinks, and constantly plan for the bathroom.
Depending on what triggers your symptoms, there are some lifestyle changes that could help. People living with IBS-D have had success with regular exercise, meditation, and other stress-reducing techniques. Eliminating trigger foods from your diet, such as those that cause gas or contain gluten, can make a difference. And it’s important to stay educated about IBS-D and talk to your healthcare providers. There can be a great benefit in joining local or online support groups as well.
If your lifestyle changes or your medication hasn’t helped, ask your healthcare provider about XIFAXAN. There are different types of prescription treatments for IBS-D, so if one isn’t working, talk to your healthcare provider about your symptoms to help decide which treatment option is right for you.